Causes of obesity and overweight? The fundamental cause of obesity and overweight is an imbalance between income and expenditure of calories. Global increases in overweight and obesity are attributable to several factors, among which are: The global shift in diet, with a tendency to increase calorie intake of foods high in fat and sugars but low in vitamins, minerals and other micronutrients.
The trend towards decreased physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many jobs, changes in transportation and increasing urbanization. What are common health consequences of overweight and obesity on health? Overweight and obesity lead to serious health consequences. The risk increases progressively as BMI does. Raised body mass index is an important risk factor for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and stroke), which constitute the leading cause of death worldwide, with 17 million deaths annually. Diabetes, which has rapidly become a global epidemic.
WHO estimates that diabetes deaths will increase worldwide in more than 50% over the next 10 years. Musculoskeletal diseases, particularly osteoarthritis. Some cancers, including endometrial, breast and colon. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher chance of premature death and disability in adulthood. Many low-income countries and middle now facing a double burden: They still have the problem of infectious diseases and undernutrition, but at the same time they are experiencing a rapid increase in the risk factors of chronic diseases, such as overweight and obesity, especially in urban areas.
It is not uncommon that undernutrition and obesity coexist in the same country, the same community and even within the same household. This double burden is caused by poor nutrition during the prenatal period, infancy and early childhood, followed by consumption of high-calorie foods high in fat and low micronutrients, combined with the lack of physical activity.
How to reduce the burden of obesity and overweight? Obesity, overweight and related illnesses are largely preventable. At the individual level, people can: achieve energy balance and a healthy weight. Reduce intake of calories from fat and change in consumption of saturated fats to unsaturated fats. Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts. Reduce intake of sugars. Increasing physical activity (at least 30 minutes of regular physical activity of moderate intensity most days). To reduce weight may be needed more activity. The implementation of these recommendations requires sustained political commitment and collaboration of many stakeholders, public and private. Governments, international partners, civil society, NGOs and the private sector have vital roles to play in creating healthy environments and making available affordable and healthy diet options. This is especially important for the most vulnerable sectors of society (the poor and children) who have limited choices about the food they eat and the environments in which they live are more limited.
Initiatives by the food industry to reduce portion sizes and content of fat, sugar and salt in processed foods, to increase introduction of innovative, healthy and nutritious, and to review current marketing practices could accelerate health gains worldwide. one more link below for information on how successful removal of all of your life obesity, luck and success.