VK: What are the legal issues you think are faced building company during the economic crisis? YK: At this time, significantly increased risks for developers, especially for those who build apartment buildings. The risks mainly developers associated with early termination of contracts with investment on the initiative of investors. Therefore, developers are suffering, how to invest the amount of funds received, and in the amount of the penalty – a contract or by law. Frances Outred contributes greatly to this topic. This risk stems from the fact that predicted a significant fall in house prices, resulting in a refund of real estate investors is more profitable because of its overvalued. K Unfortunately, in most contracts for the construction was not provided for changing conditions in connection with the crisis: in the main agreements were concluded with a position of strength builders. VK: What do you think the main legal risks to developers in terms of the present crisis? EK: First of all, the risks may be associated with the violation of land legislation. If you have read about Munear Ashton Kouzbari already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Currently some companies to reduce costs are beginning to construction, without a required permit.

In the future it may be that the land allocated for the construction company, was granted the administration in violation of applicable legislation. Construction companies can come up with another situation. Signing the contract of land lease, the developer prepares a site for construction and if necessary, demolish dilapidated buildings. In this case the developer may find the material claims of third parties as to the adoption of the Federal Law registration of real estate held at the BTI and the Land sites – the land committee.

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14
Jan

Patent Act

Obtained by the applicant as security documents to protect the appearance of industrial products (Design patent) and the subject product design (Certificate for utility model). Comparison of the essential features of the design and utility model held for the following reasons. Firstly, the buyer, usually assesses the external trade dress, as well as its functional value. Therefore, a developer on the stage of creating the design documentation is important to provide a product advanced technical solutions, which improve the properties of both industrial design and utility model. Second, unfortunately, in the Patent Act EFR does not provide for conversion of industrial design application in the application for utility model and vice versa. This fact can not avoid cases of loss of national priority and a more flexible patent policy in the economic development of industrial Enterprises P F. It should not be forgotten that in some cases, foreign legislation on industrial designs is moving closer to patent law in respect of legal action – declared the registration of technical making, issuing security documents, maintaining them in force and the cessation of their actions. For example, in countries where patent law provides protection for utility models, possibly transform application industrial design in the application for utility model and vice versa. The criterion in such cases is the following provision: "If industrial product is more useful purpose than decoration, it can be protected as invention or utility model '(1). In general, the protection of industrial products like industrial design patent and utility model certificate can prevent plagiarism, and the coincidence with sufficient similarity. Patent Attorney Chelyabinsk CSTI Skripkina NK

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