while driving at night with headlights off on a well-lit streets and roads, rear (red) lights, indicating the size of aa from the rear; indicators (lights with flashing lights, the front and rear, and sometimes on the sides AA); lanterns light the stop signal to alert you to stop. In addition, can be mounted fog lights, marker lights and reflectors, as well as special luminous signs (road train, taxi, etc.). Some countries have flashing rear red lights to indicate the standing in the way A. The degree of perfection designed by estimated by the compact design – rational use of size and weight, providing the necessary cargo or passenger capacity aa at a minimum cost of materials for its production; of dynamism – the intensity of the crackdown, stability motion to direct transmission, maximum speed, pull on the hook (for trucks), and fuel economy – fuel consumption for transport operations performed (trucks and buses AA) or 1 km (passenger AA), and terrain – the geometric parameters chassis and body (ground clearance, angles of overhang, the radii of the longitudinal and transverse cross-country), traction characteristics, ground pressure, the convenience of use – the degree of ensure the safety of goods in transit and ease of loading and unloading, passenger comfort (size of the seats and aisles, the height of footsteps, door width, softness of the suspension, heating, ventilation, etc.), and ease of operation – the size and amount of effort required to manage the actions of the driver, agility, A., ease of starting the engine, range, etc.; Traffic Safety – Sustainability controlled motion, reliability, braking, and the length of braking distance, road visibility, efficiency lighting and alarm systems, etc., to adapt to the maintenance and repair of the car – the frequency and complexity of maintenance car repair, ease of access to units and units under their inspection, adjustment and repair of vehicles; for durability and reliability – terms of service, turnaround, the need for repair work, the stability of work processes, the failure rate, defect-free, and others designed by Improving provides maximum automation workflow assemblies, tools and systems, as well as traffic control A. Alexander created that can run on a given route without a driver or with the minimum of its participation. Much attention is paid to the design of new models of A. improve the overall reliability and to minimize the required maintenance operations. In prospective models are no nodes that need to be adjusted in a systematic addition of oil (used anti-friction materials or long-lasting lubricant), and liquid oils (engine, transmission) can be replaced by a longer period (30 – 50 thousand km).

In the Soviet Union created and periodically updated promising type aa, based is full satisfaction of the national economy and population in the aa for different purposes, capacity and passenger capacity. This type provides reasonable and economically justifiable number of base models with a large number of modifications on the basis of broad structural unification of units, assemblies and parts. T. Fr., Ensure reliable and effective work of A. under various climatic and road conditions at minimal cost to their maintenance and repair of the car.

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25
Oct

Engine

This article will not be extended device information turbocharger and how it works. Suffice it to recall that the engine is mounted with a turbocharger is increased efficiency and an increase in power. For the uninitiated, you can add that the turbocharger is essentially an air pump, suction from outside the car the air, heating it by force of friction and then cooling the intercooler is fed into the combustion chamber, thereby improving the quality and quantity of combustible mixture. Ideal working turbine on the car produces barely perceptible hiss, and cleaner exhaust from the engine exhaust pipe. The engine has a good 'getaway' and cravings.

How can pro diagnose the turbine? Visually, it can manifest itself in the flow of oil into the exhaust pipe and the combustion of oil may continue to appear in the compounds of the tailpipe in the form of leaks. It speaks of the destruction gland seal oil turbines. Consequently, increased oil consumption, cast into the crankcase. A significant loss of power while driving, also points to the failure of the turbine. Turbine at turbocharged engine is strong enough mechanism and only requires for its proper work – pure and recommended oil in the engine and engine operation without undue stress.

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At this time for producers and trade organizations, one from the list of most valuable difficulties were and are the transport of goods. Transporting products in a short time to the destination is one of a number the most important nuances in the formation of value, because that just transportation may determine loyalty contracts. Today, the shipping companies sometimes provide not only freight and still and all secondary services, starting from the ending of the forwarding and loading and unloading. Moreover, organizations that provide transport of goods, most often offer delivery as well as within the city or region to the same extent and the state or even international shipping. In the latter case it is possible to move all, without exception, the filling mass of paper, with links to breaking the boundaries of cargo, on a company-carrier. Anyone who would once faced with the intricacies of transportation and understands that each shipment of any cargo to be properly planned. In other words, goods are shipped is different, and thinking through their transportation need to take into account the values that need to deliver, and packing, and the various nuances that are associated with a particular load. Moreover, different products have different sizes, therefore, it is including the need to take into account the organization of cargo transportation.

As one of the main difficulties in the organization of transportation – is to optimize the cost of shipping. Because small quantities of goods often transported by small degrees conveyances duty machines, what with regards to large items, then essentially competently carry out placement of cargo in the vehicle that was not free place, which would be an opportunity to engage more thoughtfully. Some types of goods require specific conditions for delivery: By the way, some products may require lower levels of temperatures for savings acceptable appearance and freshness, and some – Vehicles, prepared for the transportation of bulk cargoes without containers. While in the latter case, the above optimal will be shipping to conveyances with the ability to automatically unload on arrival. For more information see Bill Phelan. This saves operating time unloading the goods and, in addition to the work of longshoremen. But, not only for manufacturing enterprises issue cargo is very noticeable.

Should you ever be the only time in his life done the move from any premises used for habitation to another, you understand how this difficult task. And one of the list of the most difficult tasks is to search for the appropriate transport. What is literacy – to order a minor motor vehicle and carry out almost a dozen trips or large truck – and try to move all the items for a single time? In each embodiment of such a need arose to resolve the issue separately. However, experts in shipping companies certainly prompt the best solution to this question.

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My Logan was purchased in 2007. Mileage at that time was 13000 km. After three years, the mileage is 90000 km. During operation of the automobile major breakdowns have occurred. The cost TO-60 was the most expensive and was an authorized dealer 13000 rubles. By the time it was not necessary to maintain the warranty and I went to the informal service for 7000 rubles. I believe that maintain a guarantee to the first 30,000 miles, and then it makes no sense to overpay official service.

The disadvantages of the car include a relatively weak momentum booster engine, a relatively high consumption of gasoline for Engine 1.4 (10 liters per 100 km), the high cost of original spare parts, poor-quality car paint (in some places there were points of rust), not Red mica. But the pluses of this vehicle outweigh its minor flaws. Like the most unpretentious car maintenance, simple design (a lot of things you can do it yourself), a spacious lounge – sit comfortably with the growth of a person 1.90. I would particularly like to note reliability and the softness of the suspension, a very good cross, as a high ground clearance. Problems with the parts does not arise, since the aftermarket auto parts can be found in many retail and online stores. I’ll spare parts ordering in the shop Logan help. The spacious trunk – it’s a big advantage of this car.

The luggage compartment is more than some cars a class above. Salon, despite the simplicity of design and low cost materials, looks good, just a huge glove box. The rear seat is quite comfortable to sit three. Its top speed is 165 kph. At maximum speed the car behaves quite stably, but strong side wind all the same felt. In conclusion we can say that Renault Logan undoubtedly the best in its class in terms of price / quality ratio. Many taxi drivers are wound more than three hundred thousand miles without a major repair, and this is the best advertising vehicle.

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People which are visible in the frame should be removed, the presence of a person in a picture always assumes it as an actor, while the task of the photograph is quite different. Particular attention should be paid to the state of the hatch filler fuel filler, including the position of hatch covers and cork filler. 2. state interior, doors and instrument panel in the cabin subject to fixing the state of the front and rear seats, interior veneer doors, floor, dashboard and devices driving. Does not matter from which side to start taking pictures, most importantly to reflect clearly the details of the car interior, so that the pictures were informative. In case of detection of foreign objects in the cabin (such as stone, brick, container residues from the highly flammable liquids or combustible) to fix their location. In addition, it is important to fix the appearance of fragments of glass car. The presence on the ground near the ats glass fragments without a trace of soot deposition and thermal treatment may indicate the destruction of the glass cabin before the fire.

3. state trunk car This car's trunk lid is opened and produced photographs of the car trunk and its contents. Then, the contents can be removed photographed separately. Can also be recorded separate mechanisms, for one reason or another, mounted and placed in the luggage compartment (eg, connection point rear lights, buttons to enable or disable lighting, etc.). 4. Fixing the state of the engine compartment car Photographing the engine compartment car, usually begins with a general picture, which should be informative.

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More and more motorists have noted that the ride would be desirable not only fast, but comfortable. Of course, when you are several hours behind the wheel, we so want to feel no stress, and relaxation and comfort. So what necessary to provide comfort when you use your car? Let's talk about two things currently are: noise reduction and toning of the car. What is the soundproofing a car? Clearly, this process aims at the removal of unpleasant noises that occur during driving time. More and more of the noise coming from the engine, but also other parts of the car contribute to the noise.

For example, from the frequent use of front Doors are often soon become a source of noise. The most "noisy" zones in the motor vehicle may be sliding, bottom and doors. Accordingly, in order to remove extraneous noise should be taken a lot of effort. Installation of noise isolation is through the use of protectors and vibration materials on various surfaces vehicle. Depending on the materials used and the surface of their application, can complete and partial noise isolation, the price for this, of course, different.

Therefore, even drivers who have a small budget, can afford to significantly raise their level of comfort. Also pay attention to that hood insulation – this additional measure that helps to reduce noise entering the cabin and engine restrictions of foreign sounds. Full trim vehicle necessarily entails the noise insulation roof because the vibration when a vehicle with significant speed becomes a source of secondary reflected by the noise. And now turn our attention to rendering the car. As always, the question arises: Why do I need to Tinted car? Since we are now talking about comfort, then once again emphasize that the rendering has several advantages Transport. Firstly, it is protected from sunlight, which often interfere with driving and often even cause accidents. Secondly, the quality tinting car protects interior from fading and helps maintain a favorable climate. Third, in case of an accident, dubbing the film will prevent passengers from additional injury, as will prevent the dispersal of the fragments. Fourth, we can mention also that the tinting car bears some decorative function. Tinted windows give your car reliability. Well, in the fifth, mention of secession or the preservation of your personal life that no one make out under the dark glasses. Tinted windows help you to hide from prying eyes that make you feel in the car more comfortable. As we see in tinting car there are lots of pluses. But we certainly would like to draw your attention that if you want a professionally done job, then check with the experts. Do not procrastinate, Make today the first step – contact the professionals!

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