Recently we live a economic picture in the aviation that in few years behind did not exist. The competition gradual increased with the sprouting of new airlines in the country, forcing the companies who are in the top, to search new ways of management to keep the market leadership. Today the national companies of aviation use alliances with foreign companies as form of ‘ ‘ to give to one something mais’ ‘ to its customers and to fortify the mark external. Some companies with the purpose of ‘ ‘ agilizar’ ‘ the corrective maintenances and check in its aircraft, had created the centers of maintenance, calls of MRO. In these centers of maintenance, beyond hangars for maintenance and substitution of components, the workshops exist repairmen who contribute to repair components that present structural damages and material composites, also including, all the painting part, caused for the use of the aircraft and also for accidental damages as BIRD-strike, Blocks of ice, sleet, and other damages. In these workshops, occurred great wastefulnesses, that impactavam in the productivity, have controlled and environment. Jeff Weiser has many thoughts on the issue. Had the high rotation of components and consumable materials used in the workshops repairmen, it allowed, through studies and managemental tools of the quality and, to initiate a project pilot for the implantation of methodology LEAN. Soon at the beginning the biggest joined difficulty was the cultural change of the company, which had the collaborators to on average have more than 8 years of company, being been necessary, a bigger force to guarantee the envolvement and in addition paradigm.

Another aspect that caused certain difficulty was the maturity of the organization that is come back stops the norms of the national and international aviation, that it differs from the system of management of the quality known mainly in the seriadas companies. In these workshops following tools LEAN had been adopted: Mapping of the Flow of value, Kanban, Visual Management, Standardization, 5S and KPIs. These tools had been adapted for the area of aviation and the time of implantation of the project lasted about 6 months with profits productivity nonsenses (40%), lack of materials for transferences between bases and customs (60%), Reduction in the lines and/or shelves (90%), reduction of lead teams of the repaired components, increased auto-esteem of the collaborators of the workshop and fortified the image of the workshops that before were disrespected by the lack of organization and control. Currently the workshop is considered as standard in the organization and serves of model for other workshops of the organization. Relevance: The work was against principles LEAN obtaining to at no cost reach the established goals and without the necessity of the envolvement of the high direction, this it means that, this work was boarded for methodology DOWN-TOP, showing that the people can adapt the changes exactly not being imposed for the high direction. MATICLEAN Consultoria [email protected]

The strategies take the organization to this desired future. According to Coast (2007), formal speaking, the competitive strategy can be understood as the attitude applied for the company in favor of conquering the preference of the referring customer to the choice of determined product or service. Learn more on the subject from Linkedin. Bethlem (2009) corroborates with the thematic one when affirming that, when a company opts in being ' ' everything for todos' ' , it signs one certified of strategical mediocrity, a time that it proves that the organization does not have competitive advantage some. Coast (2007) also discourses that the process of choice of a strategy must contemplate the intention in conflict, that is, to answer the effective necessity. Later, it must be verified if the environment is favorable, if the qualification is enough, thus taking care of to the demand in question. Case in some of these analyzed aspects the reply is negative, mentions that it is possible to correct these gaps with qualification plans and exchange or desistance of the strategy. Between strategies of competitive advantage, the first one is of leadership in costs.

The strategies of competitive advantage of leadership in costs are in general simpler and are found in products or services commodities, a time that similar characteristics to the competitor contain. Related strategies can be implanted the low prices, personalized attendance and promply delivery of the products (RODRIGUES et al, 2009). It is important to stand out that related strategies at low prices must be supported by low costs, that, in turn, are applied with technological advances in maquinrio hand of productive workmanship and (BARNEY and HESTERLY, 2007). Bethlem (2009) makes an alert one to this competitive advantage, detaching the existence of related risks the competitors who imitate the process, change of technology, leadership of competitors in segments of the market, differentiation of the product of the competitors, and exhaustion of the leadership base.

Contingencial boarding in projects, and determinative factors of success: The study of case of a project & ldquo; Feed & ndash; Front End Engineering Design& rdquo; SUMMARY In not routine enterprises, the reach of the objectives of a project how much the stated period, cost, quality, and attendance the diverse expectations of steakholders, is the main great concern of the company. The present study &amp approaches the FEED; ldquo; Front End Engineering Design& rdquo; as an incorporated additional phase to the traditional management of projects, in the search of the success of an enterprise. Law 8,666/93 will be analyzed the case of act of contract made for in agreement the PETROBRA’S company, for the revision of a project of installation of three towers of cooling in one of its petrochemical complexes in the city of So Paulo, executed in a period former-before the o launching of the licitatrio process to the suppliers. It is treated to demonstrate as the one-step adoption more, in the initial periods of training of projects of raised technology and complexity, stage that is called of FEED & ldquo; Front End Engineering Design& rdquo; , it rees-echo directly on the costs, time, and target technician of an enterprise. The theoretical picture was developed from the literature of success in projects, under a contingencial boarding. In the conclusions we point that the application of the FEED contributes in positive way for the success of projects of raised technology and complexity..

Vestibules of Intranet if to relate to those vestibules that are accessible only to the employees of an organization. The concept gained force throughout the last years as an efficient method and of economy of work to keep all the hardwired employees. It has one determined comumente used software for the construction of an Intranet, as well as a vestibule of Internet. It includes project software. But it has certain special programs of software, mainly related to the authorization and criptografia of data, that are used specifically for vestibules Intranet. They guarantee that she does not have limitless access to these vestibules. Software can be lowered gratuitously of the used Internet and to make vestibules Intranet.

It has a great variety of software, that can choose. You must only lower what if adapte to its necessities. If somebody is looking at for a dynamic vestibule with a great number of resources and great volumes of information, if it can have that to more than buy a type of software of the open market. This is not nothing if to worry, therefore the prices of the software programs, had sufficiently lowered throughout the last years, due to increasing competition. Many specialists had foreseen that Intranet vestibule software goes to be one of the segments that more grow in technology of the information in next the few years. Some of softwares special can require the services of a connoisseur in this field. The majority of softwares of vestibules Intranet allows, that the company can modify it to user.

Great companies prefer a software personalized, that costs normal software more than. That many times necessary of regular internal support also. which the advantage of a software I specify for its business or company? To create a vestibule of root for its company finishes being more specific and adequate to the necessities of its it equips and collaborators, in such a way the results finish appearing of a more efficient and fast form, therefore the work finishes flowing better enters its employees as well as all the information between all. Summarizing, if to decide that a corporative Intranet is important for its company, then part helps a company specialized so that these inside create a vestibule of a server vestibule, to its image and they make it its choices in accordance with, assigns with it that you in accordance with prefer and the objectives that she intends to reach in its company and business. if remembers that this vestibule goes to be one more value as tool of work for itself and all the ones that I obtain work.

After the first publications on strategy in the organizacional field, appear between the decades of 1980 and 1990 some works focados in the strategy as search of competitive advantage. By means of strategies formulated, but divergent well in the analysis of the processes, some authors as Michael Porter, Jay Barner, Gary Hamel, C.K. Prahalad, Henry Mintzberg, James Fredrickson among others, are detached by the development of the strategy. (NICHOLAS, 2001) 2.2.1 Five Competitive Forces of Porter Between the published works the author in prominence is Michael Porter, economist author of the books Competitive Strategy and Competitive Advantage among others workmanships on the subject, where he approaches the strategy competitive of analytical form rational. Another characteristic of the workmanship of the Porter is the strategical focus in three felt: leadership for costs; leadership for differentiation; e, differentiation for market segment (PORTER, 1986, P. 49).

Competitive strategy is offensive actions or defensive to create a defendable position in an industry, successfully to face the five competing competitive forces in the industry, suppliers, purchasers, incoming new substitutes and e, thus, to get a return on the investment biggest for the company (PORTER, 1986, P. 49) Inside of this thought, Porter (1986), demonstrate that the factors that are part of the formularization of the competitive strategy are related the organization and its environment. The related external factors are determinative in the formularization of the strategy, for example, the social and economic forces, influence in the competition rules. Amongst these factors, the industrial structure, of which, the organization is part has greater relevance. In this context, the intensity of the competition in specific segment is resulted of basic a economic structure and certain competitive components that exert definitive force on the organization.



In such a way, Toyota has demonstrated to be confident in its position of prominence and in its process of permanent innovation, being thus it can more be opened and to give advertising to its process. Its continuous advance is what it guarantees that, exactly being copied, Toyota presents processes and products with revolutionary projects in relation to its competitors. In March of 2007, Toyota became leader world-wide in the production and sales of automobiles, exceeding the General Motors, North American company whom this position withheld since the year of 1931, when it took the rank of Ford. The two pillars of ‘ ‘ System Toyota of Produo’ ‘ they are the automation and Just-in-Teams applied in the sewing press machines.

It functioned of perfect form? when it had problem with the wire, the machine stopped automatically, therefore the condition to produce itself in this system is the total elimination of wastefulness, inconsistency and excesses. Therefore, it would be essential that the equipment stopped immediately. According to concepts implemented for Sakichi Toyoda, to apply intelligence human being to the machines were the only way to make them to work for the people. It taught that to identify the problems of the plant and to eliminate wastefulness we must observe so that really let us can ‘ ‘ enlarger’ ‘. Another important learning was the way to transform movements into work. Kiichir Toyoda established some conditions for the business of automobiles: – To in general supply cars the public; – To perfect the industry of cars for passengers; – To produce cars the reasonable prices; – To recognize the importance of the sales in it manufactures; – To establish the basic industry of materials. The Toyota cars had been born of intense research, innumerable people who had shared its ideas having been of different areas.

They had been dedicated efforts and many failures throughout all the period until its launching. We surpass the critical ones, the difficulties, therefore we believed that the experience of Toyoda in the manufacture with the sewing press would make with that our attempts had success. The difficulties were different of the machines to weave and that it would be difficult to create a new company, but the fall in the manufacture of automobiles made to take a decision enterprise, therefore then a commitment with the country was pressing and the company needed to function fastest possible. The biggest problem was the materials. Therefore on them they depended the perfectionist of the engine, and this means that the materials needed to be perfected. Therefore, we raise the possibilities to construct a steel plant, and fortunately Japan had capacity to produce. We needed to establish quality in ours manufacture of cylinders therefore many parts had been rejected. At last the laborers had developed its abilities and the problems with materials had started to be solved. Another basic item for the success was to acquire good machines and tools. Thus it would only be obtained to reduce wastefulness’s. resting facts. 4) SURVIVING TO THE PERIOD OF SLOW ECONOMIC GROWTH. The System Appeared in the Period of High Growth the Japanese entrepreneurs seemed to lose of sight the half traditional Japanese, when in the 1955 end Japan entered in a period of bonanza growth in comparison with the situation of the world-wide economy of the time. This everything was given due to acceptance of the American system of production in mass. In the automobile industry a flood of great machines of high performance occurred, and, as in a period of high growth qualque.

In the height of the Christmas, or in other occasions, it is always good for adding a little of sophistication and classroom to its table of supper. However, to prepare a table does not have of being a intimidante task. The rank correcta of the utensils, cups and napkins maximizes the efficiency and the pleasure of its supper. For example, a basic rule that you must follow is to use a table track. Another one would be to place the places setting & ldquo; of it are for dentro& rdquo; that is the ones that you go to use more first far from the plate and the ones that to use later must be placed next to the plate. Get more background information with materials from JPMorgan Chase. To understand & ldquo; mapa& rdquo; of the table you will go to help to create a worthy elegant environment of its familiar and/or boyfriend (). Some basic rules (Note: these rules are written as you were looking at from above for table. Not to confuse & ldquo; superficially & rdquo; with & ldquo; on & rdquo;) : In relation to plates: – To place the plate in front of where directamente you go yourself to seat, about 5 the 10 centimeters of the edge of the table.

– To place plates of salada, to the left, over the yokes. – To place the bread over the yokes. – You will be yourself to serve a soup plate, you exactly place the soup spoon over the plate – He cleans plates after each meal. It changes plates if some meals will be served (also entered and desserts). In relation to the places setting: – It places the yokes to the left of the plate and the knives to the right, always with the turned cutting side for the plate. The dessert spoons must be placed, together with the knives, to the right of the plate being exception the spatulas or knife of butter and the soup spoons that must be placed in the top of the plate. – It places the places setting for the order that goes to be used of form that the item more far from the plate are the first ones to be used. – It places the places setting for dessert about 2 centimeters in the top of the plate in the horizontal line.

It places the spoon with the part that you handle turned for the right and the yoke of dessert, in contrast, turn for the left. Of this form, when its guest to catch in the dessert places setting to turn and them for it (), the yoke will be always to its left and the spoon to the right. How much to the cups: – To place the cups of water to the right, over the knife. – To place cups of wine or other cups to the right of the water cup – Superficially To place napkins (not on) of plates.

In the constitution of the same times the following instruments: asset, this understanding the goods, as well as rights and too much applications of resources used there, form to generate profits for the company by means of its activities. At as the moment, we perceive the liabilities, namely: we understand as being the origins of resources represented for the obligations it stops with third, resultant of events occurred that will demand asset for its liquidation. To the step that when used its proper resources and we have it is the positive difference enters the value of the Asset and the value of the Liabilities, we are ahead of what we call patrimony I eliminate. The patrimonial rocking of all company estimates some rules, here we protect in them in law 11,638, that thus it makes use: Art. 248. In rocking patrimonial of company, investments in coligadas on whose administration it has significant influence, or of that it more than participates with 20% (twenty percent) or the capital voter, in controlled and other societies that are part of one same group or are under common control will be evaluated by the method of patrimonial equivalence, in accordance with the following norms: …………………………………………………………….. ' ' (NR) Bibliographical references GITMAN, Lawrence J.

Principles of the Financial Administration. 7. ed. So Paulo. Harba publishing company. 2002. RIBEIRO, Osni Moura. Easy basic accounting.

23. ed. So Paulo. Publishing company Hail. 1999. GONALVES, Eugnio Celso, BAPTISTA, Antonio Eustquio. Easy basic accounting. 23. ed. So Paulo. Publishing company Hail. 1999. HIRASHIMA, T. and MARTINS, Eliseu. International harmonization of the Principles and Countable Norms. 12 Convention of Accountants of the State of S.Paulo, Saints, 1991. Access in 10 of September of 2009. Law N. 4,320/64 Law N. 6404/76 Law N. 8,218/91 Law N. 11,101/05 Law N. 11.638/07

The reception of a hotel is very important, therefore it is the center, where if recepciona the guest/customer and of where this will have its first impression of the company. Sector where the guest will have more contact during all its lodging until its check-out. Therefore, it is very important that all the recepcionistas are lined up with the processes, procedures and politics of the company, since is of this attendance that depends the conquest and fidelizao on the guest. So that a hotel is recognized is necessary that it has a good attendance, beyond good installations and services. So that this occurs is necessary that its recepcionistas well are trained and cliente of which processes, politics and procedures they must follow.

This goes to help in the atendimentos and fidelizao of the guests, a time who will have standard and quality in the atendimentos, independent of who is. In the present time the more demanding people are each time making with that the companies have that if to strengthen and to search new alternatives and differentials to please them to search its allegiance. Knowing as the company it takes care of and which are its politics, the guests are more the will and tend to come back, therefore they know that there well they will be taken care of and they will be felt well. The reception transmits, or must transmit, the image of the company, therefore, the recepcionistas must be trained so that they know which procedures and processes must follow and as to make them, beyond being cliente of which the politics that the company follows and demands that they are followed for one better course of all. With this, it is possible to identify to imperfections and errors, as much in the processes saw system, as of position before the customer, thus being able to charge improvements or to present solutions for these problems. The proper recepcionistas can suggest improvements and alterations of processes and standards for one better attendance and development of the work, since they, beyond the guests, will be benefited with these attitudes. Having clear processes, procedure and politics in the reception it is possible to have a bigger control on motivated activities of the sector, recepcionistas more, therefore will know for what they will be being charged and evaluated, will have one better image of the hotel before the market, beyond captivated guests, taken care of well and satisfied with the services.

In the current days with the globalization and the extreme competitiveness of markets, the abilities techniques had lost its ideal values, and the companies, had started to search each time more participant than they have mannering abilities and of relations human beings. In question of this, we are not enough to more terms only abilities to play definitive function, or to press a screw thousand of times, now what she is asked for in them is the called necessity of interpersonal ability, each required time more in the world of the businesses. This ability describes our way of if relating ones with the others, and that, if developed well, it will be able in them to add much value, to alavancar our careers, and he is of great value for who almeija executive positions and of leadership. However what a good interpersonal ability becomes in them different of the others that do not possess such developed ability well? This question can have some answers, will go to deal with here the main improvements that this ability brings to the people. First to have a good relationship interpersonal, the true self-knowledge is necessary. It knows its weak points and points strong, it obtains to know of its qualities and defects, and what to make to improve them. When if it knows itself exactly, it is started to give a bigger importance to it for things that really make meant to it, its vision of the world if becomes ampler, and is obtained with a bigger dexterity to display its ideas and thoughts and, mainly, its feelings. The self-knowledge takes in them to the rewarding pinpoint, and this is being very valued in the companies.

Therefore this knowledge of itself, this autoreflexo of being is the key to have a primoroso interpersonal relationship. The self-knowledge in supplies one better interpretation to them of our emotions, the reason acts ahead in definitive ways of diverse circumstances, so that these in such a way do not harm in them in situations day to day, and thus we sobressaimos in them and we obtain to face in more rational way the problems that we face every day. The psychoanalysis in the aid very in this practical. It in the aid to be learned to be who is, to have courage of in supporting them alone and in knowing them. We love people who we know who are and we admire, as will be able to be loved without if knowing? If you do not know who you are, you will not have courage the sufficient to place in practical its ideas, therefore she will not believe them faithful, moving of opinion to each unhouse sigh to its side. To have a good interpersonal relationship, nothing more is, that to have a self-knowledge and the great emotional intelligence. With this ability we will express in them better, make understanding in them more easily, we will cultivate greaters affection, and will serve as a springboard for our careers. The human being is a sociable being, therefore always we will go in them to relate ones with the others, and to have a good interpersonal relationship is the key to alavancarmos our careers, our affective and social life.